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3/27/2017 (Added to site)
Author(s): V. S. Burakov, V. V. Kiris, A. A. Nevar, M. I. Nedelko,and N. V. Tarasenko

Combined Gas–Liquid Plasma Source for Nanoparticle Synthesis

Journal: Journal of Applied Spectroscopy, Vol. 83, No. 4, pp. 643-649, 2016
DOI: DOI 10.1007/s10812-016-0341-y
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A gas–liquid plasma source for the synthesis of colloidal nanoparticles by spark erosion of the electrode material was developed and allowed the particle synthesis regime to be varied over a wide range. The source parameters were analyzed in detail for the electrical discharge conditions in water. The temperature, particle concentration, and pressure in the discharge plasma were estimated based on spectroscopic analysis of the plasma. It was found that the plasma parameters did not change significantly if the condenser capacitance was increased from 5 to 20 nF. Purging the electrode gap with argon reduced substantially the pressure and particle concentration. Signifi cant amounts of water decomposition products in addition to electrode elements were found in the plasma in all discharge regimes. This favored the synthesis of oxide nanoparticles.



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